A federation with 26 states and a federal district: Brasilia, Brazil’s capital since 1960. São Paulo, with some 10.9 million people, is Brazil’s largest city. The Southeast region of Brazil includes São Paulo, Belo Horizonte, and Rio de Janeiro—the economic hub of Brazil, containing more than 40 percent of the country’s population. Amazonia or Amazon rainforest covers more than half of Brazil and it’s the world’s largest tropical rainforest. Roman Catholicism is the country’s predominant faith at 73.57%.

Passports are now REQUIRED for all U.S. citizens traveling to Brazil. You need to apply at your local post office to obtain a passport. The cost is about $120 and it is good for 10 years. Before the trip you will need to make a photocopy of your passport and carry it with you in a different suitcase in case you lose your passport. Passports should be valid at least 90 days after the date of travel.

Brazil is does require U.S. citizens to have a valid Visa. The Visa cost $100 and is good for 10 years. This is an extra cost that you must include in your budget along with your flight cost, since SCORE is not considering it a part of the in country expenses.

Brazil Map